Over 50 Members of Congress have signed a letter to President Obama urging him to end business as usual with Saudi Arabia’s repressive government and stand up for human rights. For too long, the U.S. has prioritized politics and oil over basic freedom in its alliance with Saudi Arabia’s monarchy. The effort has been led by U.S. Representatives Trent Franks, Jim McGovern, Frank Wolf, and Jackie Speier.
The Franks-McGovern-Wolf-Speier congressional letter urges President Obama to:
- Seek a meeting with women activists in Saudi Arabia who are challenging the country’s ban on women drivers.
- Seek a meeting with family members of prominent peaceful human rights advocates who are imprisoned.
- Urge King Abdullah to make specific human rights reforms: religious freedom, lifting bans on freedom of association, ending torture, reforming laws that criminalize peaceful dissent, and stopping repression of women and religious minorities.
Diverse and noteworthy organizations are backing the effort — christian religious freedom organizations, US women’s rights groups, human rights advocates, and more:
- Amnesty International
- Human Rights Watch
- International Christian Concern
- National Organization for Women
- Christian Solidary Worldwide – USA
- Christian Solidary Worldwide – UK
- Friends Committee on National Legislation (Quakers)
- Project on Middle East Democracy
- Foreign Policy Institute (FPI)
- Women Thrive Worldwide
- US National Committee for UN Women
- Voice of the Martyrs
- Coptic Solidarity
- Ahmadiyya Muslim Community USA
- United Macedonian Diaspora
- Venn Institute
- The Institute on Religion and Democracy
- Jubilee Campaign
- International Institute for Religious Freedom
- Institute for Gilgit Baltistan Studies
The 52 Members of Congress endorsing the letter so far:
Representatives Trent Franks, Jim McGovern, Frank Wolf, Jackie Speier, John Lewis, Rush Holt, Robert Aderholt, Trey Gowdy, Jeff Duncan, Peter Roskam, Barbara Lee, Ted Poe, Kerry Bentivolio, James Sensenbrenner, Earl Blumenauer, Gus Bilirakis, Raúl M. Grijalva, Vance McAllister, Tim Huelskamp, Bill Johnson, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Steve Chabot, Vicky Hartzler, Sheila Jackson Lee, Charles B. Rangel, Scott Rigell, Randy Weber, Joe Pitts, Robert Pittenger, Mark Meadows, Lloyd Doggett, Jan Schakowsky, Eleanor Holmes Norton, William Keating, Blake Farenthold, Reid Ribble, Chris Smith, Mike McIntyre, Donna F. Edwards, Maxine Waters, Mike Honda, Louie Gohmert, Jim Moran, Carol Shea-Porter, Steve Stivers, Bobby Rush, Albio Sires, Hank Johnson, Doug Collins, Chellie Pingree, Mike Doyle, Alan Lowenthal.
And the full text of the letter:
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20500
March 25, 2014
Dear Mr. President:
We write to urge you to publicly address Saudi Arabia’s serious human rights violations during your upcoming trip to the country. The government of Saudi Arabia has repeatedly engaged in systematic human rights violations targeting women, religious minorities, and peaceful political reformers. Your meetings with King Abdullah and other officials will be an opportunity to publicly integrate human rights concerns, as defined by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, into the U.S.-Saudi relationship.
A successful trip to Saudi Arabia will be one that combines both important symbolic gestures in support of advocates of fundamental human rights, as well as advocacy for specific reforms. Today in Saudi Arabia, those who advocate for human rights take serious risks and often pay a heavy price. This is why we urge you to seek a meeting with women activists in Saudi Arabia who are challenging the country’s ban on women drivers – the only such ban in the world. We also urge you to meet with the family members of prominent peaceful human rights advocates who are imprisoned. Saudi Arabian authorities have harassed, intimidated, and imprisoned almost all of the country’s leading independent human rights activists. Two examples are Mohammad al-Qahtani and Abdullah al-Hamid, founders of a local human rights organization who are currently imprisoned on the basis of their peaceful criticism of the government.
In addition to public meetings, we urge you to address specific human rights reforms in your direct meetings with King Abdullah and other officials. Religious freedom is a major concern in the country and, as you mentioned during your keynote address at the National Prayer Breakfast on February 6, 2014, “promoting religious freedom is a key objective of U.S. foreign policy.” Saudi Arabia does not tolerate public worship by adherents of religions other than Islam, and the government also systematically discriminates against followers of minority Muslim faiths. For example, in May 2012, the Saudi government detained two Saudis, Sultan Hamid Marzooq al-Enezi and Saud Falih Awad al-Enezi, for becoming members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. They have been charged with apostasy, and their current whereabouts and status are unknown; if convicted, they could face the death penalty. Further, in December 2011, authorities raided a private Christian prayer gathering of approximately 35 Ethiopians in Jeddah and deported them in August 2012 for “illicit mingling.” In another instance of ongoing oppression, Raif Badawi, the founder and editor of the Free Saudi Liberals website, which encourages religious and political debate, was sentenced by the court to 600 lashes, seven years in prison and his website was ordered to close. Although his conviction and sentence have recently been overturned on appeal, Raif Badawi remains in jail and could still be tried again.
The Government of Saudi Arabia must end its ban on public gatherings, lift restrictions on social media, stop the use of torture, and reform the new so-called “anti-terror” laws that practically criminalize all forms of peaceful dissent. The government must enact a law for associations so that local human rights organizations are formally recognized. Finally, oppressive treatment of women and religious minorities must also end.
If your administration has previously raised such concerns through private channels, the Government of Saudi Arabia’s grave human rights record reveals its willingness to ignore such advice. Consequently, we urge you to combine symbolic actions with direct advocacy for human rights reforms. It is time to publicly demonstrate U.S. support for those in Saudi Arabia who are willing to take such risks to advance fundamental rights in their society.
Member of Congress
JAMES P. McGOVERN
Member of Congress
Member of Congress
Member of Congress
Cc’d: The Honorable John Kerry, United States Secretary of State